仁爱版八年级下册期末温习(5~8)单元知识点总结!

作者:yobo体育官网下载发布时间:2021-11-25 22:28

本文摘要:Unit 5 Topic11. I ask them to come here. 我要求他们来这里。I invite them to come here. 我邀请他们来这里。2. We children 同位语 我们孩子3. none = no one = nobody = nothingNone of these pens works/work.None of us is/are afraid of difficulties.4. left是leave的已往分词,剩下的。

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Unit 5 Topic11. I ask them to come here. 我要求他们来这里。I invite them to come here. 我邀请他们来这里。2. We children 同位语 我们孩子3. none = no one = nobody = nothingNone of these pens works/work.None of us is/are afraid of difficulties.4. left是leave的已往分词,剩下的。

5. 只要是系动词,后面所接的一定是表语,表语前面也一定是系动词。(即系动词+表语)6. go mad 发狂了7. the + adj. (the+形容词) 指什么样的人,如 :the young 年轻人,the old 暮年人8. a ticket to The Sound of Music .a key to the door.a ticket to/for sth.……的票/劵/入场劵9. next time下次Beijing Opera 京剧be able to 能够just now 适才10. have a temperature= have a fever 发烧go well 希望顺利set the table 摆放餐具11. later =for a while for a minute12. ring up sb. = phone sb. = telephone sb. = call sb. = ring sb. ,意为“打电话给某人”13. will be shown 将要播放 starring 主演14. spend … on sth. 花费……在某事上spend …. (in) doing sth. 花费……在做某事上cost 的主语是物〈sth. cost(s) sb. …〉pay for … = pay … for … 付款,付酬,主语一般是人It takes(took) sb. some time to do sth. 某人花费了时间去做某事( take 意为“花费”时,多指花费时间)。15. what … for ...在口语中相当于why16. because of 接名词、代词或相当于名词的短语,because 接原因状语从句。

17. a young woman 后置定语18. alone :adj. 单独的,独自的 adv. 单独地,独自地lonely adj. 寥寂的,偏僻的 n. 孤苦者19. perform short 演出短剧funny plays 有趣的戏剧had a accident 发生事故each other 相互 suddenly 突然地20. on the night 特指某一天的晚上,要用on21. 用call 可以说明某物叫什么,如:He meets a boy call Xiao Zhang.22. be afraid of …畏惧……be afraid 恐怕23. moving 感感人的:令人感动的:震撼人的24. so … that … 如此……以至于……(因果状语从句)so + adj. / adv. + that 从句such a + n. + that 从句25. go(went) mad 发狂的(系动词+表语形式)26. facial paintings 脸谱wonderful gestures 优美的手势27. be interested in… 对……感兴趣,而became interested in 是指以前不感兴趣,而现在感兴趣28. be grateful to sb.be grateful for sth. 对某人(事)很感谢29. be on 一连性动词,连续放映30. be + well 只能表现身体康健,而be + good 可以表现好Unit 5 Topic 21. Anything wrong= What is the matter = What is wrong= what’s up2. be strict with sb. be strict in/ about sth. 对某人(事)严格3. have a talk(名词) with= talk(动词) with 谈话4. seem 后接动词原形,意思为“似乎,似乎” ,表推测; 似乎……看来……seem后接形容词,组成系表结构 看来……,似乎……It seem + that 从句 看来……,似乎……5. be worried about 担忧……6. 常用的“be + 形容词+介词”的结构有:be pleased with 对……感应兴奋、满足be interested in对……感兴趣be afraid of 对……感应畏惧be nervous about 对……感应歉仄/惆怅be satisfied with 对……感应满足be angry with/at sb.对某人生气be angry at/about sth. 对某事生气be excited about/at sth. 对某事感应兴奋/激动be strict with 对……要求严格be bored with 对……感应厌倦7. do will in = be good at 擅长于be bad at = do badly in 在……中做得欠好8. fail = no pass 失败fail in sth. 在……方面失败了fail + sth. 不及格fail to do (sth.) 没有做(某事),未推行(某事),没有做到,失败9. at one’s age 在某人的年事at the age of 在……岁时10. Why don’t you do sth.= Why not do sth. 为什么不做某事?11. at the age of + 数字(年事)= when sb. is(be) years old 在……岁的时候12. 形容词 + to 对人,如:be angry with/at sb. 对某人生气形容词 + for 对物, 如:be angry at/about sth. 对某事生气13. heard of 听说过in the end = at last 最后perform on operation on sb. 对某人做手术14. sb. talk to sb.某人对某人讲sb. talk with sb.某人和某人说话talk about sth. 谈论某事15. It is + adj.+ to do sth. 是不定式作定语的牢固句型。it 是形式主语,to do sth. 才是真正的主语16. 形容词修饰不定代词时,放在被修饰不定代词的后面,如:something different , nothing wrong17. happen to 意为“发生,遇见” ,若指发生了什么事情,主语应是物,happen to sb./sth. (事情)发生在……身上,降临到……头上happen to do sth. 碰巧干某事18. 表现两者在某一方面水平相同时,用句型“as + 形容词/副词原级 + as + 比力工具”。

表现某人或某物在某一方面不如另一人或另一物时,用句型“not as/so + 形容词/副词原级 + as + 比力工具”。19. as usual 像往常一样what’s more 另外20. be/get used to (doing) sth. 习惯于做某事used to do sth. 已往经常做某事,指已往经常发生21. with the help of 在……的资助下22. n. + ly = adj. 名词 + ly = 形容词 adj. + ly = adv.形容词 + ly =副词 (适用于大多数,少数除外)23. elder 年长的 older 年事大elder 用于家庭成员中年长的,older 是指年事大(+数字)24. even though = even if 纵然25. not … any longer “不再”,相当于no longer ,指时间不再延长,多与连续性动词连用。no longer 通常放在动词前面,not … any longer 通常放在句尾,主语后还要+ do如:He doesn’t live here any longer. He no longer lives here.no longer 通常放在主句后面,有be 的是放在be 后面。not … any more = no more ,指水平上或做事情的次数不再增加,多与短暂性动词连用。

26. by oneself 单独,独自27. Don’t be afraid. 不要畏惧。follow the doctor’s advice 谨遵医嘱28. 宾语从句是用来表现前面的句子(解释或说明)。29. became 不能和so 同时泛起(已知或未知都不能),since 常表现对方已知的事实,as 引导的从句放在主句之前。Unit 5 Topic 31. die → dying lie →lying2. 打电话常用语:1) Hello! 你好2) May I speak to … ? 我要找……(……在么?)= I’d like to speak to…?3) This is … (speaking). 这里是……(我是……)4) Who’s that? 你是谁?5) Is that … (speaking)? 你是……么?3. It makes me feel nervous.4. How long have you felt like this= How long have you been like this?felt/been 的现在完成时,组成是have/has + 已往分词5. hate = don’t(doesn’t) love6. Good night 晚安7. make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事make sth.(sb.) + adj. 使某物(某人)处于某种状态8. let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事9. can’t be 表现否认推测,意思是“不行能”,而must be 表现肯定推测,意思是“一定”。

10. tell sb. about sth. 告诉某人有关某事tell sb. a story 告诉某人一个故事tell a lie 说谎tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人不要做某事11. at the end of 在……的止境,在……末at the beginning (of) 在……的开始at the middle (of) 在……的中间12. take turns to do sth. 轮流做某事in turn 依次,逐个地13. ask sb. (not) to do sth. 让某人(不要)做某事,下令某人(不要)做某事14. instead of = in place of 取代15. come over 过来16. get along with= get on with 与……相处17. smile at life 微笑面临人生18. at the English corner 在英语角19. in good health 康健状况良好20. in a good mood 心情好in a bad mood 心情坏21. put on 上演; 穿上,戴上22. prepare for 为…做准备23. doesn’t(didn’t) work 无用,没用,无法事情24. in bed (病倒)在床上(no) with sb. (没有)和某人在一起25. be full of (指状态)充满fill with (指行动)充满,把……充满26. too…for sb. to … 对某人来说太…以至于不能…27. have sad thought(s) 有坏想法 ,thought 为可数名词28. sun shines brightly 阳灼烁媚29. stay in good spirits= keep in good spirits 保持美意情30. such as = for example 例如31. get help from … 从……获得资助get back to sth. 继续某事32. in high spirits 情绪高in low spirits 情绪低33. 当表现“思量”时, think about 和 think of 这两个短语通常可以交换使用,其后可接名词。当表现“想到,想起,有……的看法”时,只能用 think of。当强调“重复、仔细地思量”时,用 think over 这个短语,当它接名词作宾语时,名词可以放在副词前,也可以放在副词后。34. a sense of … ……的感受,如:a sense of duty责任感a sense of direction 偏向感35. bring back 使某事物恢复get back 回到(某种状态;某事上)36. follow one’s advice 遵循某人的忠告37. remember doing sth. 想起曾经做某事forget doing sth. 忘记曾经做某事remember to do sth. 记得做某事Unit 6 Topic 11. by sea = by ship 坐船 by air= by airplane 坐飞机2. 交通工具:ship 、airplane 、train 、boat 、bike(bicycle) 、car 、bus 、taxi 等3. ride 骑(自行车),骑(马)cycle 骑自行车4. find 找到 find out (很努力地)找到、查明5. over the phone 通过电话6. three-day 是复合形容词,在此做定语,day 不用复数形式。

有“数词+名词”或“数词+名词+形容词”形式7. decide on/upon sth. 决议,选定make decision on sth. 对某事做决议decide 是动词,意为“决议,做决议” ,其后可跟名词、代词、动词不定式(短语)或从句等。8. departure time 出发时间arrival time 到达时间9. per 每,每一clerk 职员10. ticket office 售票处book ticket to 订……的票11. Can I help you?= What can I do for you?= May I help you? 我可以资助你么?12. at 以……13. VIP room 贵宾房standard 尺度房14. not afford 买不起afford 提供 raise (the) money筹钱15. ask sb. for sth. 向某人要某物16. not to ask 不定式的否认式(not + 动词不定式)17. work out 算出18. times two 乘二time 时间;乘;次数19. The student with(具有,拥有)the winning(胜出的) ticket.20. are sold (被动语态)卖完is drawn 被选出21. school day 上学的日子,学校日greet 迎接at noon 正午,中午22. interesting places= places of interest 胜景景点23. help 后 to 可省略help sb. (to) do sth. 资助某人做某事24. the best time to do sth. 最好的时间去做某事25. hear from 收到……的来信look forward to (doing) sth. 盼愿(做)某事26. postcard 明信片whole 整个,整almost the whole night 险些整晚the sea of clouds 云海as soon as 一……就……weather report 天气预报27. left 举,起飞land safely 宁静地着陆hardly 险些不,差点28. He is so great that we love him. He is such a great man that we love him.so … that 强调形容词,such … that 强调名词29. It’s nice of sb. to do sth. 某人的行为(做这件事情)是好的30. online 在线 jeans 牛仔裤31. in the open air 在田野上 have no time to do sth.没有时间做某事32. “谢谢”后可说“My pleasure”, 而with pleasure 是允许别人做事。Unit 6 Topic21. out of sight , out of mind 眼不见,心不烦2. accept 接受(指主观)receive 收到(指客观)3. be busy doing sth. 忙着做某事4. I’m on vacation. 我正在度假on vacation 在度假5. at one’s house 在某人的家,house 可省略6. Would you…? 表现“客套地请求” ,would比will更委婉7. on both sides of … 在……的双方= on each side of … 在……的每一边= on either side of … 在……的任何一边(双方)on the other side of … 在……的劈面/另一边8. make sure 确保,弄清楚9. 40 km2 读作 40 square kilometers10. lie (用来讲明地理位置),意为“位于”1) to the + 方位名词 + of … 指互不接壤并互不统领的两个地域2) in the + 方位名词 + of … 指在某一规模之内的地域3) on the + 方位名词 + of … 指相互接壤但互不统领的两个地域12. face south 坐北朝南,面临南面13. It’s about two and a half half hours by bike. 骑自行车(到那里)约莫两个半小时。14. by the way 顺便说一下in the old days 在古代,在旧社会at the foot of … 在……脚下15. through 穿过,通过survey(ed) the area 勘探这个地方16. in the northwest of … 在……的西北southwest 是合成的方位名词17. two and a half hours= two hours and a half“时间 + 交通方式”可以表现详细的旅程是非It’s a two-hour bus/ride/walk.= It’s two hours’ bus/ride/walk.= It’s two hours by bus/by bike/on foot.18. passage 长廊;一节arrive at(小地方)/in(大地方) ……到达walk through 穿过 take out 拿出wonder 古物,奇迹be surprised at 对……感应惊讶step on one’s toes踩到某人的脚趾push one’s way out 挤出去out of sight 看不见 too…to… 太……以至于不能……not until 直到……才……raise one’s head 抬起某人的头as soon as 一……就……jump up and down 蹦起来,跳起来19. room,place与space①room 可作可数名词,意为“房间” ,如:The twins share a small room.room也可作不行数名词,意为“空间” ,如:There is enough room for two more in the car.②place意为“空隙” ,其寄义比力详细,且往往指座位,有时与seat 同义place也意为“职位” ,如:The singer has a place in the history of American jazz.③space意为“太空,宇宙” ,是不行数名词space也意为“空隙,空间”,可凭据情况作不行数或可数名词20. stop要双写再 + ed , + ing (即stopped,stopping)21. in all directions= in every direction ,意为“在四面八方”in the direction of 意为“朝……偏向”in one’s direction意为“朝着某人的偏向”22. beat fast 跳动得很快23. be surprised to do sth. 惊讶地去做某事24. can’t help doing 忍不住be famous for 以……而著名be happy with 对……感应满足25. get off 下(车、马等)get on 上(车、马等)26. have fun exploring 从考察中获得兴趣have fun (in) doing sth. 从……中获得兴趣,兴奋地做某事,兴致勃勃地做某事27. ask sb. for help 向某人求助28. There you are! 你在这啊!29. at last 最后pay attention to 注意get up 起床stand for 象征take picture(s) 照相shout at 高声喊look for 寻找Thank goodness! 谢天谢地!be lost 失踪get lost 迷路30. can’t/couldn’t help 后面接v-ing 形式时,意为“禁/忍不住做某事” ,其后面接动词不定式时,可省略to,意为“不能做某事”31. here and there = everywhere 随处,到处32. until 与not 连用时,主句动词常为短暂性动词,这是它可与before交换;当until 不与not 连用时,主句动词要求是延续性动词33. 若主句是已往时态,时间状语从句通常也用相应的已往时态。

34. 时间状语从句常用一般现在时态来表现未来。35. be perfect for 对于……来说最合适full day 整天city tour of 城内游Spring Festival 春节 leave for 脱离某地到某地36. notice sb. to do sth. 注意到某人做某事Unit 6 Topic 31. the rule(s) of … = … rule(s) ,如:traffic rules = the rules of traffic交通规则2. if 引导的条件状语从句,它同时间状语从句一样,主句是一般未来时,从句往往用一般现在时表现未来。

3. air pollution 空气污染advantage 优点save energy节约资源4. obey 遵守in an hour 在一小时之内in public 公共场所spit in public 随地吐痰get/be used to 习惯于5. first arrive(d) 刚来 first作副词6. around the city 满城,绕着整个都会7. Me,too. 我也是。8. avoid 制止,躲闪avoid doing sth. 制止、防止做某事9. meters away 数米远run into 撞上10. do happen 表现强调,真的发生了11. death n. 死亡 die v. 死亡dead adj. 死亡的12. sharp turn 急转弯the opposite direction 反偏向the same direction 相同偏向13. rush to 冲向14. get a fine 受罚15. warn sb. to do sth.警告/提醒某人做某事warn sb. not to do sth.警告/提醒某人别做某事16. warn sb. about sth.警告/提醒某人某事warn sb. against doing sth. 警告/提醒某人不要做某事warn 后也可接 that 引导的宾语从句。17. get hurt 受伤lose one’s life 失去某人的生命18. traffic jam 交通堵塞traffic police 交通警员traffic accident 交通事故traffic lights 交通灯19. No U-turn. 不能U型转弯No parking. 不能停车No left turn. 不能左转No right turn. 不能右转Go straight ahead. 直走。20. have an accident 发生事故21. overloading 超载drink driving 酒醉驾车fatigue driving 疲屈驾驶22. on the bicycle 在自行车上的,骑自行车的23. in fact 实际上,事实上certainly 固然in danger处在危险状态24. traffic station 交通局25. be born 出生26. had cancer 患上癌症ride into 跻身于;进入27. stop doing sth. 停止正在做的某事,而stop to do sth. 是指停止做某件事而去做另一件事28. in one’s life 在某人的一生中all one’s life 一辈子29. a(one) dark horse 黑马,指竞争中出人意料的获胜者。

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它还可以指深藏不露的人。30. It is impossible for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说去做某事是不行能的,对某人来说是不行能完成某事的31. make a comeback 复出32. lead(led) sb. to do sth. 领导某人做某事33. it is certain that 毫无疑问34. deal with 处置惩罚 think of 认为35. beat the record= break the record 打破记载36. one’s path to success be not smooth. 某人的乐成门路不是一帆风顺的。37. go on winning 一连胜利38. later the year 年尾39. head-on 绝不回避地,面临面地40. ride into history 载入史册41. begin to do sth. 开始做某事42. from … till = from … to 从……到……43. the last seven year’s Tour in France, last可表现连续的,意为“最近的”。如:last news 最新新闻44. final result 最终效果45. the International Cycling Union 国际自行车团结会46. go through 穿过,通过,经由47. Tour de France de 相当于 of48. be crazy about sth.(sb.) 为某事(某人)而疯狂49. to one’s surprise 使某人惊讶的是50. some other things 一些其他的工具the other thing全部剩余的工具51. advise v. 建议,忠告,劝告advise sb. (not) to do sth. 劝告某人(不要)做某事与advice n. 建议,忠告,劝告 应区离开。

Unit 7 Topic11. have/hold/organize a food festival举行美食节2. turn to sb. = ask sb. for help向某人寻求资助3. try/do one’s best (to do sth. )尽某人的最大努力(去做某事)4. make it successful 使它乐成5. know about 相识,而know意为“认识”6. get in touch with sb. 与某人取得联系7. get information about sb./sth.获得关于某人/某事物的消息8. think about 思量9. make a poster 做广告,制作一张海报make tea沏茶,沏茶learn to cook food 学会做饭set the table 摆放餐具cook soup 煮汤make cheese pies 做奶酪块write a song 写一首歌/诗make strawberry pancakes 草莓煎饼make biscuits 做饼干10. Greece 希腊Greek 希腊(人)的,希腊语(的)Africa 非洲African 非洲(人)的Italy 意大利Italian 意大利语,意大利(人)的India 印度Indian 印度(人)的,印度语,印第安人,印第安人的America 美国American 美国(人)的,美国人Russia 俄罗斯Russian 俄罗斯(人)的,俄罗斯人,俄语Japan 日本Japanese 日本(人)的,日语China 中国Chinese 中文,汉语,中国(人)的,中国人Nigeria 尼日利亚Nigerian 尼日利亚人,尼日利亚(人)的Austria 奥地利Austrian 奥地利(人)的,奥地利人Australia 澳大利亚Australian 澳大利亚(人)的,澳大利亚人France 法国French 法国(人)的,法语(的)Germany 德国Germanic(German) 德国(人)的,德语(的)(日耳曼语,日耳曼人的)11. What’s more 另外12. That’s good enough. 这就足够了13. raise money for sb. 为某人筹钱14. I have no time = I’m busy = I’m not free 我没时间15. It’s a great pity. 真遗憾16. later on 过会儿17. never mind 绝不介意18. have a sweet tooth 喜欢吃甜食19. I’m afraid I …… 相当于 I’m sorry I…… 我恐怕/很歉仄我…… 可以互用20. keep up 保持,继续(做某事),连续21. for sale 待售,出售22. host by 意为“由……主办”,host by sb. 由某人主办Unit 7 Topic21. need to do sth. 需要去做某事2. Practice makes perfect. 熟能生巧3. spread sth. on sth. 将某物涂在某物上4. pour sth. over sth. 将某物倒在某物上5. cut sth. into 把某物切成……cut up 切碎,剁碎cut sth. (用诸如刀之类的尖锐工具)切,割6. 形容词用来修饰名词,副词用来修饰动词、副词、形容词7. let me try 让我试试8. Well done! 干得好!9. Help yourself to 请吃……10. at the table 坐在餐桌旁at table 在用餐的时候11. eat up 吃完,吃光12. take a sip 喝一小口13. formal western dinner party 正式的西方宴会14. sit down 坐下start with 以……开始,以……开头15. western table manners 西方餐桌礼仪16. a small dish 一道小菜17. on one’s lap 在某人的膝盖下(人坐时)18. eating habits 饮食习惯19. be far away from 远离……20. sea food 海鲜,不行数名词21. in parts of。在……的某些地方22. pick up 拿起,捡起;接某人23. at the same time 同时24. two or more courses 两道以上的菜25. be different from 与……差别Unit 7 Topic31. enjoy oneself = have a good time = have a wonderful time 玩得愉快2. Ladies and gentlemen !女士们,先生们!3. now open 现在开幕了4. We’ll try to satisfy all the guests. 我们会只管使所有客人满足5. 点餐/服务用语:1) This way , please. 这里请。2) Here’s a table for two. 这里有一张双人桌。3) Take a seat , please. 请坐。

4) Here’s the menu. 这是菜单。5) May I take your order? 你需要点菜么?6) Anything else? 另有什么么?7) May I have the bill , please? 我要买单。8) Here you are. 给你。

9) Here’s your change. 找你零钱。10) Thank you for coming!= Thanks for coming! 谢谢惠顾!6. on sale 正在销售7. pay the bill = get the bill = have the bill 付账8. by phone 通过电话,用电话9. that’s all 就这样了,这就够了10. in twenty minutes 在二十分钟(内)后,而twenty minutes later指已经由去了二十分钟11. on someone’s/ something’s menu 在某人/某物的账单上12. order sb. to do sth. 下令某人做某事order 意为“下令;点,订购,订货”13. How are you these days? 迩来可好?14. send sb. sth. = send sth. to sb. 送某人某物,把某物送给某人give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb. 给某人某物,把某物给某人buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb. 买某物给某人teach sb. sth. = teach sth. to sb. 教某人某物(事),教某物(事)给某人15. be well worth … 真的值……钱(强调) be worth… 值……钱,相当于……的价值be worth doing sth. 值得去做某事16. put more effort into sth.= try/do one’s best to do sth.尽最大努力去做某事17. go well 希望顺利18. wish sb. sth. 祝愿某人怎么样wish to do sth.希望做某事wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事19. the results were worth the effort 效果值得努力20. balanced diet 平衡饮食in fact 事实上,实际上in short 总之it’s said that 听说,听说not only … but also… 不光……而且……21. keep sb. + adj. 使某人保持某种状态22. eat regularly 有纪律地饮食23. “The + 比力级……,the + 比力级……”意为“越……,越……”24. not all 并非……25. 就近原则,即谓语动词的单数或复数形式取决于最靠近它的词语。

例如:There is some oil and two pieces of beef in the pan.26. hardly 险些没有,与hard 无关27. make the effort to do sth. 努力去做某事Unit 8 Topic 11. 服装:blouse (女式)短上衣;宽罩衫 scarf 围巾,领巾 jeans 牛仔裤 overcoat长大衣handbag 女用皮包,手提包 sock 短袜 sportswear 运动服装,便装 hat 帽子(一般指有边的);礼帽 windbreaker 风衣,防风(皮)夹克 tie 领带 plain clothes 便衣,便服 slipper 拖鞋,室内便鞋glove 手套 boot 长筒靴;靴 suit 套装 uniform 制服 kimono (日本的)和服,和服式晨衣necklace 项链 cheongsam 旗袍 coat 外套 skirt 短裙 sweater 毛衣 shirt 衬衫 T-shirt T恤衫 sunglasses 太阳镜 shorts 短裤 dress连衣裙 jacket 夹克 raincoat 雨衣 pants 长裤 cap 鸭舌帽 shoes 鞋子 sports shoes 运动鞋2. a Chinese Tang costume 一件唐装a class fashion show 举行一场班级时装秀3. go shopping 去购物4. look great 看起来真棒5. Let’s make it at + 时间 意为“让我们把时间定在……”Let’s make it at + 相应的介词 + 所在 “让我们把所在定在……”6. so…that 意为“太/如此……以至于……” ,that 引导的是效果状语从句,其结构是“so + 形容词/副词 + that从句”。such…that 意为“太/如此……以至于……” , 其结构是“such (+a/an) + 形容词 + 名词 + that从句”。

so that 意为“为了,目的是,以便,这样” ,引导目的状语从句,相当于 in order to,从句中谓语是may,might,can,could,will,would,should这类情态动词,表现“可以,会”等寄义。so that 引导效果状语从句时,意为“因此,所以” ,表现主句行动所导致的效果。

7.8. be made of 由……制成,表现从制成的物体上可看出原质料;be made from 由……制成,表现从制成的物体上看不出原质料。9. depend on/upon 取决于;依靠,依赖10. likes and dislikes 喜好和厌恶11. paper party hats 纸礼帽12. Iron it on low heat. 低温熨烫。on low heat 在低温下13. You are what you wear. 衣如其人A good heart is worth gold. 美意胜黄金14. As the saying goes 正如俗话所讲,常言道,俗话说15. on special days 在特此外节日16. Easter 复生节Christmas 圣诞节Halloween鬼节,万圣节Thanks giving Day 感恩节17. as well as 除……之外(也)as well 也,还18. according to 根据,凭据19. which一般是对定语的提问,所以后面一般要加名词或代词,好比:which desk is yours?which one is mine?20. protect… from/against… 掩护……不受……的伤害protect 意为“掩护,防护” ,其后可直接跟名词或代词21. modern society 现代社会Unit 8 Topic 21. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事2. show good discipline 展示出良好纪律3. make a survey 做观察4. Beautiful or ugly? 悦目还是难看?What … made of? 什么做的?What size? 什么号码?What color? 什么颜色?5. styles of … ……的名目,……的气势派头6. on the Great wall 在长城上on windy days 在起风的日子7. carry out 执行,开展plain clothes 便服,便衣8. interview sb. 采访某人9. stop sb. from doing sth.= keep sb. from doing sth.阻止,防止某人干某事stop doing sth, 停止做某事(停止正在做的事情)stop to do sth. 停下(正在做的事)去做(另一件事)10. in trouble 在难题中,处于逆境中11. out of style 过时,不再盛行12. It is necessary/important/well-know/possible/wonderful that …意为“……是须要的/重要的/众所周知的/可能的/极好的” ,句型为“It is + adj. + that …” ,相当于“It is + adj. + (for sb.) to do sth.”13. at work 上班,表现规模大at the office 上班,表现在办公室上班,规模小in the office 在办公室14. take off 脱下,脱掉;起飞15. enter someone’s home 进入某人的家里16. on every occasion 在各个正式场所,在每个正式场所17. dress correctly 穿着得体18. advise sb. (not) to do sth. 劝告某人(不要)做某事19. a coat in a dark color= a dark color coat 一件深色的外套20. be safe for 对……来说很宁静21. hide in the forest 隐藏在森林中22. Different jobs require different uniforms. 差别的职业需要差别的制服23. a art of dressing 妆扮的艺术Unit 8 Topic 3一. 词汇talk about 谈论…last month 上个月Xidan Shopping Centercharming models 迷人的模特beautiful clothes 漂亮的衣服amazing show 惊人的演出a common dress 一条普通的裙子in the world of… 在……领域high fashion 高级时装a minority costume少数民族服装the model in the center of the catwalkT形台中央的模特as for… 至于the others (三个以上之中的)其余人或物= the other + 复数名词,full of … 充满……stand for … 代表……Chinese history 中国历史fashion culture 时装文化from then on 从那时起personal style 小我私家气势派头become / be known to …为……所熟知become / be known for…因……而着名 design… as … 按……设计……western-style suits 西服heavy cotton jeans厚厚的棉质牛仔裤at one time = once 曾经二. 重点句型:1.There’s going to be another one there tomorrow. 明天在那将举行另一场时装秀。

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There is going to be…是There be结构的未来时,表现某地将举行某项运动,或将有某物。如:There is going to be a football match in our school next week.=There will be a football match in our school next week.我们学校下周将有一场足球角逐。there is/are going to be=there will beHere come the models. 模特走过来了。(1)英语中以here或there开头的句子要倒装,除主语是代词外,动词要放在主语之前。

Here comes Mary! 玛丽来了!Here comes the bus! 车来了!(2)主语若是人称代词时,主语和谓语的语序稳定。如:Here she comes.她来了。Here it is.它在这儿。2. The Tang costume stands for Chinese history and fashion culture.唐装代表着中国的历史和服装文化。

stand for意为“代表”,如:It stands for Olympics.它代表着奥林匹克。It got its name when China became known to other countries during the Han and Tang Dynasties.中国在汉、唐时期开始闻名于世,唐装也因此而得名。(2)get one’s name得名如:The village got its name from the lake in it.这个乡村因村内的湖泊而得名。Chinese fashion is different from not only western fashion, but also from that in other Asian countries such as Japan and Korea.中国时装不仅差别于西方国家,也有别于其他亚洲国家,如日本和韩国。

(1) be different from 与 ……差别(2)not only …but also意为“不光……而且”(3)such as例如,好比说3. Today people can design the Tang costume aseither formal or casual clothes.现在人们既可以把唐装设计成正装,也可以设计成休闲装。三.语法学习宾语从句的时态1.主句中的谓语动词是一般现在时,宾语从句中的时态不受影响。

如:I know he wants to build a new school for his poor village in Nigeria.2.主句中的谓语动词是一般已往时,宾语从句则使用相应的已往时态。改变方式如下:①一般现在时改为一般已往时:I was sure he was in bed. (比力:I’m sure he’s in bed.)I didn’t know where they lived. (比力: I don’t know where they live.)②一般未来时改为已往未来时:I hoped I’d find a good job soon. (比力: I hope I’ll find a good job soon.) (I’d = I would)③现在举行时改为已往举行时:He said he was doing his homework.(比力 He says he is doing his homework.)3.如果宾语从句所表达的内容是客观真理和客观事实,从句中动词的时态不受主句中谓语动词时态的限制。The teacher said that the earth moves round the sun.注意:① 若宾语从句跟在动词think, believe, suppose, expect等表现“认为;相信; 料想; 盼愿”等动词后时,对从句的否认形式要放在主句上,称“否认前移”。如:I don't think you are right.我认为你是差池的I don’t believe he can finish the work on time. 我认为他不能定时完成事情。

②在think , believe , imagine , suppose , guess ,hope等动词以及 I’m afraid 等后,可用so 取代一个肯定的宾语从句, 用not 取代一个否认的宾语从句。so或not所取代的宾语从句要凭据上下文来确定。---Do you believe he will come ?---I believe so. (so = he will come)---I believe not. / I don’t believe so. (思考: so= ? / not= ? )③许多带复合宾语的句子中,that 引导的宾语从句经常移到句子后面,而用it 取代(it 作形式宾语)。

We think it wrong that he told a lie to everyone . 我们认为他对每一小我私家都说谎是错误的。We thought it a pity that she missed the chance. 我们认为她错过这个时机是一个遗憾。声明:文章内容整理自网络,如有侵权请联系删除!。


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